ISP research ☞ projects, ☞ notes

h o w
– to apply existing laws, for example those about corporate personhood and which determine when a belief can be called 'religion'? ☞
I believe "corporate personhood is the legal notion that a corporation, separately from its associated human beings (like owners, managers, or employees), has some, but not all, of the legal rights and responsibilities enjoyed by natural persons (physical humans)."

c a n
– you give the web rights and obligations? ☞
I believe the web has been given rights and obligations by different parties. Obligations mainly by governments and companies who want to enforce law and/or make money. Rights mainly by uses, activists and organisations who want to secure freedom of cyberspace. John Perry Barlow in 1996 stated rights in "A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace" for instance. He founded the EFF (Electronic Frontier Foundation) which is an important digital rights group to this day.
t h e
what is the difference between internet and – web? ☞
I believe the internet is a network of networks, a networking infrastructure. The web is an information sharing model that is build on top of the internet. The web uses the HTTP protocol which allows applications to communicate.
w e b
who are the key persons and ideas in creating the –? ☞
I believe the key persons are:
Vannever Bush (Franklin D Roosevelt science adviser.)
Doug Englebart (mouse, texteditor etc.)
Ted Nelson (Hypertext: writing should not be sequential.)
MIT MediaLab
Multimedia Lab (LA)
Robert Abel
b e
when 'is' the web? when can we speak of a web? ☞
I believe there is web when two or more devices are communicating via a protocol.
s e e n
the web is a huge collection of physical and online infrastructure, with this amount of abstraction, can you still see the web? ☞
I believe we can see the physical infrastructure of web everywhere. In your home, in the streets and digging further you can point out buildings where the servers are housed. Virtually you can also see the web. But in both cases you can never see the whole. You never see an overview or a map. That makes it abstract and
a s
what was the moment the web went from an utopia to a means of control? ☞
I believe the web has always had some form of control. It was very elitist in the beginning, simply because only scientists and other intellectuals had the means and knowledge to reach the web.
a n
has the web one or multiple entities? ☞
I believe every person on the web is an entity, every website on the web could be seen as an entity. But can that enormous web of web be seen as one? If you consider the websites as cells that are all connected and the people as the system that operates those cells, the web could be seen as one big organism.
( m e t a p h y s i c a l )
what is the definition of –? ☞
I believe: 01. pertaining to or of the nature of metaphysics.

02. Philosophy.
   a. concerned with abstract thought or subjects, as existence, causality, or truth.
   b. concerned with first principles and ultimate grounds, as being, time, or substance.

03. highly abstract, subtle, or abstruse.

what are the rules for a belief to become a recognized religion (/church)? ☞
I believe the rules by the IRS of the United States of America are:

01. Distinct legal existence
02. Recognized creed and form of worship
03. Definite and distinct ecclesiastical government
04. Formal code of doctrine and discipline
05. Distinct religious history
06. Membership not associated with any other church or denomination
07. Organization of ordained ministers
08. Ordanined ministers selected after completing prescribed courses of study
09. Literature of its own
10. Established places of worship
11. Regular congregations
12. Regular religious services
13. Sunday schools for the religious instruction of the young
14. Schools for the preparation of its members.

You do not have to meet all fourteen points.

e n t i t y ?
what is an – and what are the specifications of one? ☞
I believe "an entity is something that exists in itself, actually or potentially, concretely or abstractly, physically or not."



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